What are the Common Health Issues of Seniors in USA?

Dr. Menka Yuvraj VarmaUncategorized0 Comments

Health Issues of Seniors

Research specifies that staying physically active can help prevent or delay certain diseases, including some cancers, heart disease, and diabetes, and also relieve depression and improve mood.

There are many health related issues that senior face and for many of them, elderly care is an important factor in helping them stay safe at home. Some of the most common health issues that they face are heart problems, high blood pressure, arthritis, headache, depressions, anxiety etc.

People in America today can expect to live longer than ever before by carefully managing chronic conditions in order to stay healthy. Making healthy lifestyle choices, like eating a healthy diet, quitting smoking, daily walking to lose weight, flexibility & stretching exercises can help you to avoid health risk.

For seniors, health conditions should not be taken lightly as there are a lot of health concerns affect seniors. In this blogs, we have mentioned the common health issues of seniors in the USA

1. Obesity

In America today concerning the health issues of seniors, exercise, and obesity, about half of the population is overweight and about a quarter of the population is obese.  The prevalence of obesity is rising progressively among older age groups. It is suggested that mortality and morbidity associated with overweight and obesity only increase at a body mass index >30 kg/m.

Obesity causes serious medical complications and impairs quality of life. Moreover, in older persons, obesity can worsen the age-related decline in physical function and lead to frailty. Fitness can be easily improved by maintaining the endurance, flexibility, strength, and balancing level of seniors.

2. Joints Pain

Joint pain is major health issues of seniors can be caused by injury affecting any of the ligaments, bursa, or tendons surrounding the joint. The most common roots of aches and pains in the elderly is Arthritis. It’s a musculoskeletal disease that causes joint pain, inflammation and stiffness.

The two most common types of arthritis in the elderly are lower back pain, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis is the progressive wear and tear of joint cartilage.

Getting the correct diagnosis is important for the right treatment. However, experts and physical therapist pointing to a wealth of treatment options from exercise and alternative supplements to medications and joint replacement surgery.

3. Heart Hitches

As people ages, they are affected by heart diseases in some or the other ways. About four out of five people who die of coronary heart disease are 65 or older. Because heart disease becomes more common as you age, it’s important to have regular check-ups and watch your heart disease risk factors.

The common heart disease is high blood pressure, Arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), Coronary artery disease, Heart valve diseases, Blood clotting, Angina, Abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias)  and much more.

4. Asthma

Asthma is common disease upsets all age groups and troublesome in the elderly. It’s a respiratory disease characterized by variable respiratory symptoms and airway obstruction associated with airway hyper-responsiveness.

These features are generally attributed to an airway inflammatory process with progressive bronchial remodeling. Asthma affects a significant proportion of elderly patients, disturbs their quality of life and results in a higher hospitalization rate and mortality.

5. Depression

Old age is often portrayed as a time of rest and opportunities to do things that were put off while raising families and pursuing careers. Unfortunately, the aging process is not always so idyllic.

Most of the time seniors suffer from chronic depression or depression that is recurring and persistent. Chronic depression has both physical and mental consequences that may complicate an older adult’s existing health condition and trigger new concerns. They lost interest in the activities they used to enjoy and struggle with feelings of helplessness and hopelessness.

6. Diabetes

Amongst the elderly population, type 2 diabetes is one of the key health issues of seniors.  growing problem and a larger proportion of newly diagnosed diabetics are older. Approximately 20% of individuals over 65 years of age have diabetes mellitus, and almost half of these individuals have not been diagnosed.

There is a big difference in treatment of diabetes amongst the elderly when compared to diabetes amongst the young. Elderly people are often frailer and susceptible to illness. This can mean diabetes-related complications are more common and harder to manage.

7. Oral Health

As we age, issues that affect our mouth can increase or worsen. So, it’s especially important to be aware of conditions associated with aging that can impact oral health.  Poor dental health impacts overall health and increases the risk for diabetes and heart disease.

Most of us don’t realize that the health of our mouth is important not only for our oral health, but for our overall health as well. The mouth is a window to the rest of the body. That’s why maintaining good oral health is one of the smartest things you can do for your body.

8. Respiratory Disease

Getting older can bring senior more health challenges. Seniors are more susceptible to chronic respiratory diseases. Bronchial Asthma, COPD, Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), Lung Cancer, Pulmonary embolism (PE) are common in the elderly and is an increasingly serious health issue.

An early diagnosis and timely management may go a long way to the treatment of respiratory diseases for seniors.

9. Cancer

Cancers can occur at any age but older people are more likely to get it. One of the reason is that the risk of cancer increases as we age. The body’s immune system is responsible for recognizing and killing abnormal cells before they become cancerous.

More than a third (36%) of all cancers are diagnosed in people aged 75 or over. Over half (53%) of all cancers occur in people aged 50-74/

10. Weak Memory

Age-related memory loss, sometimes described as “normal aging” which is different from memory weakness or loss associated with dementia such as Alzheimer’s disease. This is because of different brain mechanism.

Older people often experience decreased blood flow to the brain, which can impair memory and lead to changes in cognitive skills. With aging the hormones and proteins that protect and repair brain cells and stimulate neural growth get declined.

 

References

https://asthmarp.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40733-015-0015-1

https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-642-68217-9_17

http://www.nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/ANAMarketplace/ANAPeriodicals/OJIN/TableofContents/Vol142009/No1Jan09/Obesity-in-Older-Adults.html

https://pepperinstitute.fsu.edu/sites/g/files/upcbnu686/files/pdfs/facts%20on%20aging/2006-04-VOLII-4.pdf

http://www.webmd.com/pain-management/features/common-pains-of-age#1

http://www.everydayhealth.com/news/most-common-health-concerns-seniors/

http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/35/12/2650

http://www.siog.org/content/cancer-elderly

https://myageingparent.com/health/medical/arthritis-in-the-elderly/

http://www.merckmanuals.com/home/heart-and-blood-vessel-disorders/biology-of-the-heart-and-blood-vessels/effects-of-aging-on-the-heart-and-blood-vessels

http://www.ada.org/en/member-center/oral-health-topics/aging-and-dental-health

https://www.nidcr.nih.gov/OralHealth/OralHealthInformation/OlderAdults/

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