For many of us, the scariest part of our life is about where we live and how we live when we grow older. However, Aging is not a disease, it’s a natural on-going process.
As we grow older, the demands of care will increase, which needs the constant attention from family members. For older people, the activities of daily living such as bathing, dressing, feeding, toileting, and walking are simply not possible, by their own.
In the USA, most of the residents are in their 80’s and they are experiencing the effects of the normal aging process. This includes hearing loss, sensory losses, visual impairment, and mobility loss with decreased muscle tone, muscle strength and reflex time.
Here we have mentioned the major Health Change as we grow older-
- Bone & Joints: Reduced Mobility and Muscle strength
Wear and tear on the joints can cause them to become stiff and sometimes painful, particularly if the person is overweight or have had joint injuries. Muscles, particularly unused muscles, lose bulk and strength. A healthy weight and regular exercise can help keep your muscles strong and your joints flexible. The most common age-related conditions are Osteoporosis & Arthritis. This inflammation in the joints that causes pain, swelling, and stiffness that can last for hours. Due to less body strength, there is lower energy level, reduced daily activities, and functional abilities.
- Brain : Memory & Sensory Loss
Weak memory, lower reflex time or slower reactions all this is because of the brain and nervous system’s weak nerve cells. However, memory loss is not a normal part of aging and people can remain alerted as they age.
- Dental : Weak teeth & Plaque
Most common dental problems in older age are gingivitis, periodontitis, and loss of teeth. Dental care is very important to prevent gum disease and tooth decay. Older adults are also more likely to have dry mouth. There may be some loss of taste buds with aging, which may mean you enjoy food less.
- Hair & Skin : Hair Loss, Dry Skin & Skin Cancer
As you get older, hair gets coarser. It loses colour, but grey or white hair can be quite attractive if properly cared for. The elasticity of skin reduced, skin grows thinner, gets drier, takes longer to heal when injured, and gets wrinkles. The simplest and cheapest way to keep your skin healthy and young looking is to stay out of the sun.
Many changes to the skin that seem to be from aging actually happen from being out in the sun too much. Using a sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher on your skin can help prevent skin damage.
- Eyes & Ears : Eye sight weakness & hearing problem
Changes in vision are a normal part of aging. Your vision may slowly get worse. You may also have some hearing loss. It is important to have your vision and hearing checked every couple of years. About the age of 40, eyesight weakens, and at around 60 macular degeneration may develop.
The vision changes as we grow older and the visual capacity is disrupted which leads to cataract, Glaucoma, Retinal disorders & impaired ability to adapt to changes light levels. There is an extreme sensitivity to glare and reduced ability to distinguish & color recognition in low light.
- Metabolism : Poor Digestive & Metabolism System
The digestive system may slow down, and nutrients may not be absorbed as easily. Constipation is more likely to be a problem. A change to a healthier diet may help.
That’s absolutely correct that health change as we grow older. A healthy diet and wise lifestyle choices are your best natural defenses against body changes as you age. Getting older may offer challenges, but there are also a lot of positive aspects. The most important thing is to stay healthy as you get older. Stop Smoking, take proper nutritious diet, at least 6-7 hours of sleep, regular health check-up and daily exercise can make you happy and healthier person.