How to Provide Daily Living Assistance for Seniors

Assisted Living vs. Nursing Home

What is Daily Living Assistance?

Activities of daily living (ADLs or ADL) is a term used in healthcare to refer to people’s daily self-care activities. Activities of daily living (ADL) are routine activities that people tend to do every day without needing assistance from nurses or caregivers. There are six basic ADLs:

  • eating
  • bathing
  • dressing
  • toileting
  • transferring (walking) and
  • continence

Assisting in activities of daily living (ADL) are skills required in nursing and other healthcare professions such as Certified nursing assistants, Private Assistant, Home health Aids, Speech Therapist, Occupational therapist and Physical Therapist. The aim of ADLs is to diminish the uncertainty associated with the efforts or activities seniors do normally.

There are two groups of ADLs:

  1. Personal activities of daily living (PADL), such as washing, dressing, grooming, toileting, and eating
  2. Instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), such as cooking, shopping, laundry, and household finances

Aims of Healthcare professional for ADLs are to

  • Preserve the older person’s capability to function as self-sufficiently as possible for as long as possible
  • Organise for suitable care and involve them in planning the care
  • Call for professional help as and when required

To help elderly people with their activities and make their life simpler:

  • At each step, explain what is being done in simple words
  • Avoid clarifications of what will happen if work not done
  • Avoid asking confusing or pointless questions
  • Do not point out
  • Remain peaceful and helpful
  • Do not let the person feel frustrated or tired
  • Match the ability of the seniors
  • Split the activity into tasks the person will be able to understand
  • Get one task done at a time
  • Keep assisting as needed
  • Thank the person, or express appreciation when something is done
  • Do not hurry with the elderly person

 What can do to help seniors for Daily Living Assistance?

  • Keep supporting older person’s efforts to manage daily activities.
  • Cheer a positive attitude toward change in the older age.
  • Assistance with a safe and secure environment

Assistance in Dressing after moving out of the bed –

  • Reassure the older person to move out of bed, to sit and dangle legs before standing.
  • Avoid pullover shirts and clothing with zippers in the back.
  • Use front Velcro closings on pants and nightwear.
  • Shop for special clothing in home care for senior persons

Assistance in Bathing and Grooming Activities

  • Do not use full tub baths or showers if bathing is difficult.
  • 1st check the Water Temperature
  • Use Bathing Safety Equipment
  • Arrange for monthly visits from a hair stylist.
  • Use large combs, hairbrushes, and toothbrushes.
  • If required use shampoo tray to wash hair in bed.
  • You can use no-rinse shampoos.

Assistance in Toileting Activities – 

  • Raising the toilet seat.
  • Placing a portable commode by the bedside or
  • Keep the chair for quick access

Assistance in Preparing Food & Eating Activities

  • Use small utensils if hands are weak.
  • If possible prepare meals in advance and freezing them.
  • It’s better to serve small meal portions.
  • Make sure snacks available between meals.

 Tools for Daily Activities

One of the most important ways to stay independent is to have the tools needed to accomplishing daily living activities, or DLAs. These include being able to get dressed, get up and down from a chair, bed or toilet seat and be mobile. Among the many categories of daily living aids, your choices can make accomplishing your everyday tasks significantly easier.

Daily Living Assistance Services by VIPrivate Care

There are a wide range of services you receive from certified care aides or certified nursing assistants including:

  • Respite care
  • Health care and rehabilitation
  • Transportation
  • Home maintenance
  • Overnight companionship
  • Program planning
  • Assistance with personal care
  • Assistance with daily activities

The care you receive and the amount of time home care staff treat you depends on your need and level of independence. Psychological assessment, wound care, pain care, disease and medication management, and education are common services to receive from traditional home medical care.

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